Incontinentia pigmenti: a rare pathology with complex rehabilitative aspects.

Abstract

PURPOSE Incontinentia pigmenti (IP), or Bloch-Sulzberger syndrome, is a rare X-linked dominant genetic disorder with multisystem involvement. To our knowledge, there are no previous reports about rehabilitation in IP adult with intact cognitive development. We report a 20-year-old lady with IP managed and followed into adulthood. METHOD Patient management and rehabilitation programs from birth to the last follow-up. RESULTS There was normal cognitive development despite magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) evidence of white matter, corpus callosum and brainstem hypoplasia. Extensor spasticity was present on both lower limbs for which she underwent rehabilitation from the age of one. Botulinum toxin injections were performed and when she was 15 years old she underwent functional surgery. CONCLUSION The absence of mental retardation in our patient enabled us to carry out an active rehabilitation program and provide her with maximum independence in locomotion and in activities of daily living. IMPLICATIONS FOR REHABILIATION: Incontinentia pigmenti (Bloch-Sulzberger syndrome). Incontinentia pigmenti is a rare X-linked dominant genetic disorder with multisystemic involvement. Skin lesions, neurological impairments, motormental retardation, skeletal congenital defects and ophthalmologic involvement are IP most frequent manifestations. Due to the complex multisystem involvement resulting in severe long-term disability, patients with IP require a multidisciplinary team approach for rehabilitation. In IP patients, rehabilitation interventions should always take into consideration the individual phenotype expression, child's physical development and personal needs.

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